indexMary Lou Finney is less than excited about her assignment to keep a journal over the summer. She also has to read The Odyssey, which she often relates to her own story. Then her cousin Carl Ray comes to stay with her family, under the pretense of looking for a job, which he eventually finds at Mr. Furtz’s hardware store. Over the course of the summer, she learns about the difficulties that Carl Ray has faced throughout his life and on a trip to visit his parents, she finds out why he never makes his bed. She also hangs out with her best friend Beth Ann and becomes Alex Cheevey’s girlfriend. As Mary Lou’s story unfolds, she examines both her struggles with her family and her own sense of self.

Sharon Creech stated that the inspiration for this story was an occasion when, “I’d been living overseas (England and Switzerland) for about ten years, and I was sadly missing my family back in the States. I thought I’d write a story about normal family chaos and that’s how this began, with me trying to remember what it was like growing up in my family. Writing the story was a way for me to feel as if my family were with me, right there in our little cottage in England.”

Absolutely Normal Chaos is a young-adult novel by Sharon Creech, published in the U.K. by Macmillan Children’s Books in 1990. It was the American author’s first book for children, completed at the midpoint of nearly two decades living in England and Switzerland. Although set in her hometown Euclid, Ohio, it was not published in her native country until 1995 (HarperCollins), after she won the annual Newbery Medal recognizing Walk Two Moons as the preceding year’s best American children’s book.

Absolutely Normal Chaos is a 13-year-old girl’s “complete and unabridged journal for English class” and can be classed as a bildungsroman, a novel of formation, novel of education, or coming-of-age story. In this literary genre the focus is on the psychological and moral growth of the protagonist from youth to adulthood (coming of age). And in which, therefore, character change is extremely important.

In what by now must be a subgenre in YA fiction — the novel cast as a journal written for an English assignment — Newbery Medalist Creech (Walk Two Moons) spins an affable if formulaic tale about one pivotal summer, according to Publishers Weekly. 

Narrator Mary Lou, 13, the second of the five Finney children, is quite put out when she has to play maid for her uncommunicative cousin Carl Ray, 17, who comes to stay while he looks for a job. He gets one, to Mary Lou’s surprise, at the hardware store owned by their new neighbor Mr. Furtz, who shortly afterward dies of a heart attack. Not only does Carl Ray remain in his new job, but an anonymous benefactor leaves him money-just like in Great Expectations, as Mary Lou points out. There the resemblance to Dickens ends: the astute reader will early on figure out the mystery behind Carl Ray’s inheritance. Mary Lou is also slow to pick up clues about why her cute classmate Alex is always hanging around. Despite the occasionally creaky plot, Mary Lou’s bouncy entries are still a lot of fun. Readers will enjoy her wry commentary on The Odyssey (on the school reading list), and girls especially will identify with Mary Lou’s disgust at the giddy behavior of boy-crazy best friend Beth Ann and her own giggly rhapsodies on her first romance (“I am sooooo happeeeeee I can hardly stand it!”).

Creech’s newest story is told as a summer journal begrudgingly started as an English assignment, reads a review from School Library Journal.

Mary Lou, 13, wonders if kisses with boys really taste like chicken; if her best friend will ever shut up about her new boyfriend; and how her visiting cousin, Carl Ray, can be such a silent clod, especially when someone has anonymously given him $5000. Later, when he is in a coma following a car accident, she rereads her journal and wonders how she could have been so unseeing. Mary Lou is a typical teen whose acquaintance with the sadder parts of life is cushioned by a warm and energetic family. Her entertaining musings on Homer, Shakespeare, and Robert Frost are drawn in nifty parallels to what is happening in her own life. When forbidden by her mother to say “God,” “stupid,” and “stuff,” she makes a trek to the thesaurus to create some innovative interjections. Creech’s dialogue is right on target. Her characterization is nicely done also. By comparison, this book is differently voiced than Walk Two Moons (HarperCollins, 1994), lacks that book’s masterful imagery, and is more superficial in theme; but appropriately so. Creech has remained true to Mary Lou, who is a different narrator, and one who will win many fans of her own. Those in search of a light, humorous read will find it; those in search of something a little deeper will also be rewarded.

TEACHING TIPS TO USE Absolutely Normal Chaos:

Literature Circles are small discussion groups comprised of 4 to 5 students, each of whom has a specific role and function. Literature Circles can be used in one of two ways: (1) each group reads a different book or (2) the entire class reads the same book. This student centered instructional technique enables each student to participate regardless of his or her reading level.

Assessment in Literature Circles can be both formal and informal and determined with student input. The students lead discussions in their small groups and the teacher acts as mediator and facilitator.
This teacher’s guide illustrates how to set up Literature Circles and use them to teach the novels of Sharon Creech.

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